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Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4c - The Four Imaams: Muhammad Bin Idrees Al-Shaafi'ee (d. 204H)
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, Editor in Simple Summarized Fiqh Principles

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The four imaams offered a great service in the field of fiqh and their heritage is great value to the ummah. The third of them:

Imaam al-Shaafi'ee

He is Muhammad bin Idrees al-Shaafi'ee, from the Quraysh, he was born in Ghaza in 150H and died in 204H. From his most well-known teachers:

  • Maalik bin Anas (d. 179H)
  • Muslim bin Khaalid al-Makhzoomee (d. 180H)
  • Muhammad bin al-Hasan al-Shaybaanee (d. 189H)
  • Yahyaa bin Hassaan (d. 208H)
  • Sufyaan bin Uyainah (d. 198H)

From his well-known students:

  • Yoosuf bin Yahyaa al-Buwaytee (d. 231H)
  • Ishaaq bin Raahooyah (d. 238H)
  • Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241H)
  • Ismaa'eel bin Yahyaa al-Muzanee (d. 264H)
  • Rabee' bin al-Sulaymaan al-Muraadee al-Jeezee (d. 270H)
  • Abu Thawr Ibraaheem bin Khaalid al-Kalbee (d. 240H)

The foundations of his madhhab:

  • The Noble Qur'an
  • The Prophetic Sunnah
  • Consensus
  • The saying of a Companion
  • Analogy (Qiyaas)

The spread of his madhhab:

  • Iraaq
  • Persia
  • Shaam (Syria, Jordan)
  • Egypt
  • Yemen
  • Indonesia and East Asia

Most famous books of the madhhab:

  • Al-Risaalah of al-Shaafi'ee (d. 204H)
  • al-Muhadhdhab of al-Sheeraazee (d. 476H)

Refer to (الملخصات الفقهية الميسرة) "Simple, Summarized Fiqh Principles" (Imaad Ali Jumu'ah, 1434H, Dar al-Nafaa'is).


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