Wednesday, 26 April 2017   







You are here: Home Usool Simple Summarized Fiqh Principles
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 1 - Fiqh, Its Meaning, Types and History
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, Editor in Simple Summarized Fiqh Principles

  Mail To Friend    Printer Friendly Bookmark and Share

The word fiqh linguistically means understanding (fahm). In technical usage it means knowledge of the practical legislative rulings derived from their detailed evidences.

Its types: The scholars divide fiqh into seven types and they are:

  1. al-ibaadaat (worship), those rulings connected to worshipping Allaah such as prayer and fasting
  2. al-ahwaal al-shakhsiyyah (personal affairs) such as the rulings connected to the family, marriage and divorce
  3. al-mu'aamalaat (dealings), those rulings that define and arrange relationships between people such as trade, contracts and so on.
  4. al-ahkaam al-sultaaniyyah (rulership and governance), those rulings that arrange and organize the relationship between the ruler and the ruled.
  5. al-uqoobaat (punishments), the rulings pertaining to prescribed punishments, retribution and reprimand, chastisement.
  6. al-huqooq al-duwaliyyah (state rights), rules that define the relationship between an Islamic state with other states
  7. al-aadaab (manners), rulings pertaining to manners, character, etiquette.

Note that there are other ways to divide fiqh into types and this is just one of them.

As for the stages of development of fiqh, they are divided by the scholars into the following:

  1. The era of legislation (tashree') from the first year of prophethood to the death of the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) in 11H and its period is 23 years.
  2. The era of the rightly guided caliphs from 11H to 40H and its period is 30 years.
  3. The era of the younger Companions and senior Successors (taabi'een) to the commencement of the second century, from 41H to 100H and its length is 60 years.
  4. The era of arrangement and compilation from the beginning of the second century to the middle of the fourth century, from 101H to 350H and its period is 250 years.
  5. The era of blind-following from the mid-fourth century to the fall of Baghdad, from 350H to 656H, and its length is 306 years.
  6. The era of stagnation from the fall of Baghdad to the present time, from 656H to now, around 780 years.

Note that there are other classifications of the various stages of the the development (and stagnation) of fiqh but the histories are generally approximate and similar.

Refer to (الملخصات الفقهية الميسرة) "Simple, Summarized Fiqh Principles" (Imaad Ali Jumu'ah, 1434H, Dar al-Nafaa'is).


Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Share or Bookmark this page: You will need to have an account with the selected service in order to post links or bookmark this page.

                 
  
Subscribe via RSS or email:
Follow us through RSS or email. Click the RSS icon to subscribe to our feed.

     

Add a Comment
You must be registered and logged in to comment.





More Topics
Transactions
Inheritance
Partnerships
Food and Drink
Oaths and Vows
Qisas (Retribution)
Hudood (Punishments)

Latest Articles
The Ruling on Speaking During the Prayer Deliberately, Out of Ignorance, Forgetfully or Out of a Spontaneous Reaction
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 5 - An Overview of Purification (The Definition)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4d - The Four Imaams: Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241H)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4c - The Four Imaams: Muhammad Bin Idrees Al-Shaafi'ee (d. 204H)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4b - The Four Imaams: Malik Bin Anas (d. 179H)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4a - The Four Imaams: Abu Hanifah (d. 150H)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 3 - The Shariah Evidences Used in Fiqh
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 2 - Types of Islamic Rulings (تكليفي) and (وضعي)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 1 - Fiqh, Its Meaning, Types and History
Al-Qawa'id Al-Fiqhiyyah of Al-Sa'dee - Part 5: The Commands in the Book and the Sunnah

Pages
No pages found.

Most Popular
Al-Qawa'id Al-Fiqhiyyah of Al-Sa'dee - Part 1: Definition of Usool Ul-Fiqh and Its Benefit
Al-Qawa'id Al-Fiqhiyyah of Al-Sa'dee - Part 2: The Sharee'ah Rulings (Are Five)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 1 - Fiqh, Its Meaning, Types and History
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 5 - An Overview of Purification (The Definition)
Al-Qawa'id Al-Fiqhiyyah of Al-Sa'dee - Part 5: The Commands in the Book and the Sunnah
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 2 - Types of Islamic Rulings (تكليفي) and (وضعي)
Al-Qawa'id Al-Fiqhiyyah of Al-Sa'dee - Part 3: Fiqh Extends Out of Four Sources (Evidences)
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4d - The Four Imaams: Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241H)
The Ruling on Speaking During the Prayer Deliberately, Out of Ignorance, Forgetfully or Out of a Spontaneous Reaction
Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4a - The Four Imaams: Abu Hanifah (d. 150H)

Archives (View more)
2015 • January
2014 • October


Key Topics
al-sa'deeusool al-fiqh
Copyright © 2017 . All rights reserved. RSSTagsPrivacyLegal and Terms of UseSitemap