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Simple Summarized Fiqh: Part 4d - The Four Imaams: Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241H)
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, Editor in Simple Summarized Fiqh Principles

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The four imaams offered a great service in the field of fiqh and their heritage is great value to the ummah. The fourth of them:

Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal

He is Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal al-Shaybaaanee from the tribe of Rabee'ah al-Adnaaniyyah. He was born in 164H and died in 241H. From this most well-known teachers:

  • Al-Qaadee Abu Yusuf (d. 182H)
  • Hushaym bin Basheer Abee Haazim al-Waasitee (d. 183H)
  • Sufyaan bin Uyainah (d. 198H)
  • Abd al-Razzaaq bin Hammaam (d. 211H)
  • Al-Waleed bin Muslim
  • Abd al-Rahmaan bin Mahraan
  • Yahyaa al-Qattaan

From his most well-known students:

  • Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Haani al-Athram (d. 260H)
  • Saalih, his eldest son (d. 266H)
  • Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammd bin Haani al-Baghdaadee (d. 273H)
  • Abd al-Malik bin Abd al-Hameed bin Mahraan al-Maymoonee (d. 273H)
  • Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hajjaaj al-Marwazi (d. 275H)
  • Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 290H)

The foundations of his madhhab:

  • The Noble Qur'an
  • The Prophetic Sunnah
  • The fataawaa of the Companions
  • Choosing from the fataawaa of the Companions where they differed
  • Making use of the mursal and da'eef hadeeth (with conditions and restrictions)
  • Use of analogy (qiyaas) but out of necessity.

Spread of his madhhab:

  • Concentrated in Najd specifically and more generally in Saudi Arabia
  • Palestine
  • Shaam (Syria, Jordan)
  • Iraq

Most famous books of the madhhab:

  • Al-Mughnee of Ibn Qudaaamah (d. 620H)
  • al-Iqnaa' of al-Hajaawee (d. 968H)

Refer to (الملخصات الفقهية الميسرة) "Simple, Summarized Fiqh Principles" (Imaad Ali Jumu'ah, 1434H, Dar al-Nafaa'is).


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